The development of mass media in the kingdom of Bahrain.
The present study is the first attempt to make a serious academic investigation of the
media in the Kingdom of Bahrain, which has witnessed dramatic changes in all aspects
of life since the independence.
The main purpose of this study is to describe, evaluate, and analyse the development of
the Bahrain mass media. Both the printed and broadcasting media are examined in
considerable detail for the first time, from historical, operational and methodological
perspectives. The study also analyses current conditions of the mass media in Bahrain
and the role they play in the construction and improvement of modem Bahrain society.
With this in mind, this thesis also investigates the role and function of the media's
contribution to the country's progress.
The thesis includes an analysis of a survey, which covers the major issues of the media
in Bahrain. The survey was conducted in order to draw final conclusions, which
correlate the historical investigation, current setting and future requirements of both
print and broadcasting media.
Results of the study were analysed using descriptive statistics in the form of frequency
distributions and percentages, cross tabulations technique and Chi-square test of
independence. Findings of the study revealed that while Bahrain is still undergoing a
transition into a dynamic modern state, it has also moved to establish a contemporary
mass media. However, there are still weaknesses, largely due to a lack of media
professionals in the field, lack of training programmes, lack of freedom of expression,
lack of media research, lack of support funding and lack of co-ordination and co-operations
between media organisations and other governmental organisations.
The conclusion of the study suggests that future strengthening of the development of the
mass media in Bahrain would require: personnel development and training, further
development of broadcasting and publications, and an increase in financial resources for
media production and establishments, in order for them to play a more effective role in
articulating national development policies and in the progress of the country in general.