Manuel de Falla and his European contemporaries : encounters, relationships and influences
Manuel de Falla was the only Spanish composer of his generation whose music was - and is - widely performed and admired outside his own country. The universal acceptance of his work is due in no small part to the cosmopolitan elements of his musical language: elements which developed as a result of his wide experience of music by contemporary composers of other nationalities. This dissertation investigates relationships between Falla and other European composers of his own generation (except fellow Spaniards), including Dukas, Debussy, Ravel, Schmitt, Roussel, Delage, Koechlin, Casella, Malipiero, Stravinsky, Kodaly, Bart6k, Szymanowski, Vaughan Williams and others. Falla's friendship with each composer is discussed, as is his knowledge and experience of their music, and documented instances (where they exist) of their influence on his own work. The investigation is based on examination of historical documents (most of them preserved at the Archivo Manuel de Falla, Granada) and primary sources, including items of correspondence (mostly unpublished), printed scores (including Falla's own annotated collection), concert programmes, contemporary press reviews and articles, manuscripts, published memoirs, and photographs. Transcriptions of surviving correspondence between Falla and his European contemporaries are included as appendices, along with inventories of scores of . contemporary music in his library, and of performances of it which he gave and at which he was present.