Contexts and concepts of a Scottish national theatre.
This thesis explores the concepts of a Scottish national theatre within the context
of twentieth century theatrical development in Scotland. In considering this
context, a brief review of earlier key theatrical developments in the British Isles
and Europe is undertaken. The National Theatre of Great Britain is reviewed in
relation to its failure to answer apparent Scottish requirements. An analysis of
aspects of national identity and a detailed study of the key theatre companies that
in a variety of ways endeavoured to create a national theatre for Scotland is
offered. The inherent problems of identity and provision implied by the title,
"Scottish National Theatre", are examined.
Factors affecting the possible establishment of a Scottish national theatre
company are considered: these included the lack of a building, issues of location,
funding, quality of repertoire, political will, the role of funding bodies and the
apparent absence of a broad based campaign with an ideological vision,
supported not only by the theatrical profession but underpinned by an informed
and willing public. The thesis concludes that the creation of a Scottish national
theatre could not have been achieved in the twentieth century not only because of
a lack of widespread public and political support but because of a lack of a clearly
identified and generally agreed vision of what such an institution and its role
could or should be.