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Title: Martina Wied in exile
Author: Milne, C. Audrey
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1995
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Martina Wied is one of those authors who, although once well-known and highly regarded, have now been forgotten, even in their own home countries. Although Wied was joint winner in 1924 of the 'Forderungspreis der Stadt Wein' along with Robert Musil, Otto Stoessl, and Richard Billinger, her name appears in few of the reference books on the literature of the twentieth century. Her fall from prominence is largely due to the fact that she left the Austrian literary scene in 1939, just when she was gaining a reputation for her poetry, plays, essays, reviews, features, and novels and spent almost ten years in exile unable to publish until after her return. Martina Wied was in her late fifties when she emigrated and therefore found it difficult to adapt to a new life, to a new way of earning her living, to a change of language, to mixing with people of a different social and intellectual class. From being a person of standing in Austria, one who had met and worked with many of the great writers of her time, Wied became anonymous, forced to earn her living by teaching instead of by creative work, a change of status she felt keenly. Like many other exiled writers, she found if difficult to maintain her creative energies under such constant tension. In spite of homesickness, loneliness, poverty, and having to move from place to place, she managed to write some poetry, two Novellen and a novel, as well as finishing a long Entwicklungsroman which she begun in 1928. Although it was not easy on her return to re-establish herself in the literary world Wied received recognition for her life's work on the occasion of her seventieth birthday in 1952 as the first women to be awarded the 'Osterreichische Staatspreis fur Literatur'.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available