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Title: The foundations of Augustinian priories in England during the reign of Henry I, 1100-1135.
Author: Butterill, Christine Anne Theresa.
Awarding Body: Birkbeck (University of London)
Current Institution: Birkbeck (University of London)
Date of Award: 2000
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The development of the canons regular in England has generally been assumed, in part due to J. C. Dickinson's Augustinian history, to be an aspect of the eleventh and twelfth century papal reform movement's attempt to create a new priestly order, living a quasi-monastic life under Rome's direction. The following study suggests that linking the English development with the Augustinian continental emergence as a 'monastic' order is incorrect. The more than sixty Augustinian houses established during Henry l's reign (1100-11 35) were rather a result of a variety of factors. This study examines the establishment and distribution of Augustinian houses during Henry's reign noting how they form a communications network, are often placed along the main roads and at river crossings, offer staging posts for travellers, and often hospital or hostel accommodation, as well as, stimulate town growth. It discusses the fact that a number of houses were founded where once had been Anglo-Saxon minsters and explores their connection to numerous churches placed in the care of the Augustinians. By reviving the minsters as 'mother' churches to a vast number of local churches, the Augustinians provided a new framework for the operational and pastoral function of the parish church. It investigates the founders and patrons of these houses, many of whom were members of the King's familia and suggests a range of motives for their founding work and patronage. It analyzes the various foundation myths and assesses the place of hermits in the establishment of new Augustinian houses. Maps illustrate Augustinian foundations in relation to the Roman road system, the expansion network of houses, and the proximity of churches beneficed to three typical houses. Tables show houses as 'minor' and 'major' colonizers and as Augustinian settlement groupings during four time periods. Figures depict bridges at four main crossings in relation to exemplar priories. Appendices provide useful lists pertaining to these foundations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available