The myth of functional representation : neo-corporatism, guild socialism, citizenship and the concept of function.
This dissertation is concerned with criticizing the conventional
concept of functional representation, and with outlining an
alternative concept. The conventional concept of functional
representation is criticized for the theoretical inadequacy of
its constituent concept of social function, which -derives
apolitical and holistic assumptions. The alternative concept of
functional representation is constituted in terms of purposeful
associational action within plural societies.
Part I includes a critique of neo-corporatist uses of the concept
of functional representation, exploring works by Samuel Beer,
Alan Cawson, and Charles Anderson. Part II includes a critique of
various guild socialist uses of the concept of function
elaborated by S. G. Hobson, G. D. H. Cole, R. H. Tawney, and, in
particular, Ramiro de Maeztu. Part III outlines a model of
functional membership of a purposeful association, using
citizenship and the state as its subjects, in the process of
which works by Lawrence Mead and certain English philosophical
idealists are criticized. An Appendix summarizes some uses of the
concept of function in international relations theory.