Investigations on shear including the development of a material model for the FE analysis of cracked RC structures
This dissertation reports investigations on shear in cracked reinforced concrete (RC) elements including the development and implementation of a material subroutine for the commercial finite element (FE) program ABAQUS. The material subroutine UMAT is intended to substantially improve the shear behaviour of the standard concrete options of ABAQUS. At first the important shear theories are reviewed in detail and their advantages and drawbacks are summarised. The modified compression field theory (MCFT) is identified as a suitable shear theory worth being coded for its application in FE analysis. A comprehensive check on the MCFT confirms its suitability in a slightly modified form for the investigation of a variety of cracked structural RC elements. This check is conducted on a section analysis level by means of a developed program called LAYER which is coded according to the MCFT. The main part of the work is the implementation and testing of the material subroutine UMAT which is added to the source code of ABAQUS via an interface provided by the commercial FE program. Finally, the UMAT is utilised for examining the ductility of RC walls. It is concluded that shear deflections can influence the displacement and curvature ductility of squat structures in a substantial way, even though a flexural type of failure might prevail.