M- and N-prefixes and suffixes in Semitic languages before 700 A.D.
This thesis is a study of the m and n elements, prefixed
or suffixed to particles, verbs and nouns. The purpose is
to examine how far a common origin can be a
the various uses. Owing to the nature of the
the earlier languages were relevant, and the
seemed to mark a period which separates the
Formally, the thesis consists of 3 parts (=7 chapters):
First Part: M and N with Particles (i. e. with interjections
(Ch. I), Prepositions (Ch. II), Adverbs (Ch. III) and Conjunctions
(Ch. IV) ).
Second Part : M and N with Verbs (i. e. Nif'al (Ch. V) and
and N as . suffixes to Verbs (Ch. VI) ).
Third Part : Ch. VII : M and N as Prefixes and suffixes to Nouns
(including nominal forms of verbs).
This classification is by the parts of speech to which
the prefixes or suffixes are added. the character of the
prefixes and suffixes as it results from the examination
would establish a different order of treatment, which was
not followed because that would have involved an anticipation
of the argument. Thus ch. VI might come immediately after
ch. I, for m and n as suffixes to verbs have been found to
be of an interjectional character. Also ch. V might belong
to the Third part, for Nif' al has been found to be rather
a nominal form with prefix n-.
The general result of this thesis is that m- and n- prefixes
and suffixes all derive from an originally demonstrative
use. This character has long been known., but isolated
treatment of individual phenomena has led to views which
required the general treatment provided in this study.