The Triple Code Model as a theoretical explanation of the effects of active mental practice in motor skills performance
This project studied the Triple Code Model by Ahsen and how it can be used as a theoretical framework in the investigation of the effects of mental practice in motor skills performance. The work is divided into four parts. The first part is a review of various theoretical models that have been used in explaining why mental practice can promote performance. The second part is another review but of the areas where mental practice has been used. It pays particular attention to three areas: training, rehabilitation from medical surgery and execution of motor skills in games. The third, is a collection of experimental work, using the framework of the Triple Code Model with active imagery, and it is divided into three sections. The first section looks at how table tennis strokes can become more consistent. The second section, at how rehabilitation and gait patterns can be affected via the Triple Code Model and active imagery interventions after remedial practice. The third section presents a new type of imagery modality instrument using high imagery keywords as stimuli. This questionnaire was multi-cultural validated in two countries, England and Portugal. The fourth part is a summary of what was found throughout the project with recommendations for further work. The general conclusion of the project was that the Triple Code Model with active imagery is a promising framework in the learning or correction of motor skills performance, but that the imagery modalities of people should be identified before any mental practice exercise.