British interest in Trans-Burma trade routes to China, 1826-1876.
This thesis portrays the interest manifested
by the British in the trans-Burma trade routes to China
between 1826 and 1876, within the span of half a century
after the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War.
A historical background to the story is given
in Chapter I. Chapter II describes the period during
and after the First Anglo-Burmese War in which the
British displayed considerable amount of interest in
the land routes across Burma. Chapter III recounts
attempts made by the British Administrators of the newly
acquired province of Tenasserim to regularize trade by
the land routes between Burma and China. Chapter IV
shows the growing interest of the British in the trans-
Burma routes in the period following the Second Anglo-
Burmese War* it also shows the "Pressure Groups" (Home
Merchants) at work in England. The chapter concludes
with an account of the 1862 Anglo-Burmese Commercial
Treaty which "opened" the way to China,
Among the trans-Burma trade routes which had
captured British attention in the post-1852 period, the
most outstanding was the Irrawaddy or Bham. o route; this
theme is developed in Chapter V wherein are recorded the efforts of an enthusiast, Dr. C. Williams, and the founding
of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company.
Chapters VI, VII and IX comprise details of
alternatives to the Bhamo route project, such as the
Kra scheme, Sprye's project, and the proposal to utilize
the Saitiveen as a highway to China.
Chapters VIII and X narrate the stories of the
two Bhamo Expeditions undertaken between 1868 and 1875.
The latter half of Chapter X discusses the significance
of the Second Bhamo Expedition which ultimately brought'
about the de jure opening of Western China to British
trade in 1876 - an important landmark in the history of
the trans-Burma trade routes to China.