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Title: Nationalism in school textbooks : a comparative study of Britain and Japan, 1919-1955.
Author: Mizobe, Atsuko.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3412 7737
Awarding Body: University of Lancaster
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 1997
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Nationalism is now unfashionable among intellectuals, but before the Second World War it was a dominant ideology all over the world and had a great influence, directly and indirectly, on the formation of one's world view. The following study intends to examine how two nationalisms, British and Japanese, interpreted the world in school textbooks. Britain and Japan represent different kinds of nationalism, western and eastern respectively. The world has been described largely from the western point of view since the West has continued to be the centre of historical writing for these five hundred years. Yet, presumably, the rising sun on the eastern horizon should have had a different picture; and to correct this imbalance by adding a synchronistic viewpoint is one of the aims of this study. Before starting the textbook analysis, however, the distinctively different education systems Britain and Japan possess are explained in Chapter 1. This study is divided into three parts, following three aspects of nationalism: national tradition, national mission and national character in that order. There is in fact considerable overlap between them, but the first part concentrates on exploring where the national pride of the two countries originated from and how the idea of honour to one's country was implanted in young minds. In the second the raison d'etre of each nation in the world defined according to their national tradition is discussed. Then the last part compares the two national characters inherited from the past and thought to be necessary to carry out their historical missions. In each chapter, 'continuity' is also an important theme. Did any shift in emphasis or focus take place after the two world wars? Most significantly, Britain has never lost a war since 1776, and therefore it could be argued that she has never been urged to reflect upon her past seriously for she always could justify herself. On the other hand,. Japan accepted unconditional surrender in 1945 and her imperialism was condemned by the whole international community. How did these markedly different experiences affect the world view in textbooks?
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History History Anthropology Folklore Sociology Human services