An analysis of the educational and training needs of industry and individuals : individuals' perception of needs as the basis for the development of education and training policy
This study developed from my Interests in the industrial system and the education and training needs of individuals. The starting point for the research was Maslow's need theory, and Scheler's proposition that Individuals must continually update their acquisition of technological (artificial) knowledge to avoid alienation from the culture created by this type of knowledge. This study Initially began with a review of literature which demonstrated that the educational and training needs of individuals arose from the demands of the Industrial system. This raised the question of whether individuals' needs were similar to or different from those of the organisations in which they worked. The empirical research which developed from this question was to test the hypothesis that Individuals' perception of needs could serve as the basis for the development of training strategy and policy. The research was carried out amongst unemployed adults, employed adults In three companies and 100 employers in the engineering industry. An inductive-deductive approach was taken to identify the education and training needs of individuals and organisations. The investigation was carried out by a multi-method approach involving questionnaire and interviews in the collection of both quantitative and qualitative data. The research confirmed the literature and hypothesis. It also raised the question of whether the individuals' perception of needs could be discussed within the wider context of individuals' ability to participate in discussions about the socloeconomic- political environment. The study claims individuals' and industries' needs are similar, thus individuals' perception of needs can be the basis for the development of training strategy and policy, and it proposes a model of Knowledge-Based Training as a possible way forward. It builds on Mallow's theory of needs and also supports Robbins' theory that harmony can exist between the life and system worlds.