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Title: Predicting hot corrosion rates under coal fired combined cycle power plant conditions
Author: Smith, P. J.
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 1994
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Type 11 hot corrosion has been identified as a major life limiting factor of gas turbine components in the topping cycle of coal fired combined cycle power plant. Impurities in the coal combustion gases provide the environmental contaminants necessary for type 11 hot corrosion to occur. It is the purpose of the present study to develop corrosion lifting models such that corrosion rates and thus component lives in coal fired combined cycle plant gas turbines may be accurately predicted thus minimising efficiency losses and plant downtime due to corrosion related problems. Type 11 hot corrosion has been shown to follow bi11lodal distributions which cannot be modelled using the well known mathematical models. It has been shown that a probabilistic approach to modelling is appropriate and that the Gumbel Type I extreme value model of maxima can be used to model the maximum extreme corrosion data This is appropriate as it is the maximum extreme corrosion which in life limiting in the plant gas turbine. Basic corrosion data has been generated through a series of laboratory hot corrosion tests designed to simulate the ambient conditions within the plant gas turbine. The variables having most influence on the corrosion process have been identified as ; temperature, thermal cycling, alkali (Na + K) metal sulphate deposition rate, S02 and HCl in the ambient atmosphere. The corrosion models have been developed from this data which accurately predict the type 11 hot corrosion rates observed in the coal fired gas turbine of a combined cycle power plant.
Supervisor: Nicholls, J. R. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Gas turbines Electric power-plants Materials Biodeterioration