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Title: The production and analysis of BaFe12 O19 for microwave applications.
Author: Appleton, Stephen George.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3425 8462
Awarding Body: University of Portsmouth
Current Institution: University of Portsmouth
Date of Award: 1994
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This thesis describes a study into the production of polycrystalline BaFe120 19 (BaM) specimens possessing properties appropriate to microwave device applications. Principal requirements were controlled stoichiometry, single-crystal density and a high degree of crystallographic alignment; all of these contributing to the reduction of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) losses and linewidths to levels comparable with more expensive single-crystal alternatives. The stoichiometry of precursor BaM powder was analysed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and found to be critically dependent on reaction conditions and batch reproducibility of constituent chemicals. The reaction process of BaM was analysed in the temperature range 500 - 1200 °C and phase content elucidated. The XRD spectrum of the single-phase BaM contained peaks not in the powder diffraction file (PDF) for this compound. Careful analysis eliminated the possibility of impurities and second phases. A comprehensive theoretical calculation from first principles allowed a complete fit between the calculated and observed XRD spectra. A revised spectrum has been proposed to the Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards (JCPDS) in order to improve the PDF data reported by earlier workers. Adaptation of the theory has enabled the development of a tool for the determination of site preferences of dopant systems, such as Zn2+ -Ti4+ pairs. A novel magnetic press system was devised and constructed for the simultaneous alignment and compaction of powders in an aqueous slurry. Sintering of compacts resulted in relative densities up to 95 % coupled with improved alignment through grain growth. In an improved technique, aligned compacts were pre-sintered and hot-pressed in an oversize die, allowing viscous flow of grains. Near 100 % relative densities were obtained at temperatures significantly lower than for conventional sintering. Alignment was enhanced by subsequent annealing, but did not exceed levels achieved by normal sintering. Suggestions were made for achieving higher alignments. Microwave resonance linewidths were significantly lower than for isotropic polycrystals and suggestions for further improvements were identified.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Hexaferrites Ceramics Ceramics Solid state physics