Some aspects of curvature in general relativity
The purpose of this thesis is to study in depth the relationship between the curvature of space-time and the other geometrical objects which naturally arise in general relativity. Most of the results obtained apply to the generic case. Chapter 1 contains a discussion of certain aspects of fibre bundle theory required in later chapters which may be unfamiliar to many relativists, while chapter 2 contains preliminary material on curvature in relativity and proves a continuity property of the algebraic classification of the Weyl and energy-momentum tensors. Chapter 3 describes the generic behaviour of the Riemann, Weyl and energy-momentum tensors, and chapter 5 goes on to use this description to investigate the relationship of the Riemann tensor to the metric, conformal class and connection of space-time in the generic case. In particular it is proved that the Riemann tensor uniquely and continuously determines the connections. The information obtained in chapter 3 on the algebraic type of curvature in the general case is related in chapter 4 to the topology of the underlying manifold. In chapter 6 a topology is defined on the set of sectional curvatures of all Lorentz metrics on a given manifold. The remainder of the chapter attempts to do for the sectional curvature what was done for the Riemann tensor in chapter 5 but, because sectional curvature is more difficult to handle, the results obtained are necessarily more modest.