Bayesian perspectives on statistical modelling
This thesis explores the representation of probability measures in a coherent Bayesian modelling framework, together with the ensuing characterisation properties of posterior functionals. First, a decision theoretic approach is adopted to provide a unified modelling criterion applicable to assessing prior-likelihood combinations, design matrices, model dimensionality and choice of sample size. The utility structure and associated Bayes risk induces a distance measure, introducing concepts from differential geometry to aid in the interpretation of modelling characteristics. Secondly, analytical and approximate computations for the implementation of the Bayesian paradigm, based on the properties of the class of transformation models, are discussed. Finally, relationships between distance measures (in the form of either a derivative of a Bayes mapping or an induced distance) are explored, with particular reference to the construction of sensitivity measures.