Studies of estertin halides
The preparation and physical properties of the estertin halides X 4-nSn[ (CH2)mCO2R]n, where n = 1 or 2, m = 1, 2 or 3 and R is a alkyl or aryl substituent are reported. During the course of this work the molecular structures of Cℓ3SnCH 2CH2CO2Pri and Cℓ3SnCH 2CH2CO2CO2Et were determined. The preparations of Ph3Sn(CH2)3R compounds, where R is a functional group, are reported. The reactions of these compounds with electrophiles were investigated as a route to organotin halides. Explanations on their reactivity are postulated. The preparation of Ph3Sn[CHRR'] compounds where R and R' are the same or different functional groups, from the reaction of (Ph3Sn) 2S with Hg[CHRR']2 is also reported along with the physical properties and evidence for their particular structures. Investigations into the Lewis acidity of estertin halides were undertaken. Chloride ion acceptor strengths, adduct formation with nitrogen bases and catalysis of allylic rearrangement were used as a basis for the evaluation of the Lewis acidity. Explanations are offered for the various observations made during these studies. Finally the preparations of estertin mercaptides, [Et02C(CH 2)]n Sn(SCH2CO2C8H 17)4-n, where n = 1 or 2 are reported. Comparisons of the P.V.C. stabilising ability of these estertin mercaptides were made with the commercially available octyltin tris-mercaptide. Explanations are offered for the apparent difference in stabilising ability of each of these compounds in thermally processed P.V.C. during oven testing.