Rural road accidents in Iran: analysis, comparison and the cost
In the general introduction of the road-accident
phenomenon inside and outside Iran, the results of previous
research-works and international conferences and seminars on
road-safety have been reviewed. Also a sample-road between
Tehran and Mashad has been investigated as a case-study.
Examining the road-accident data and iriformation,
first: the information presented in road-accident reportforms
in developed countries is discussed and, second:
the procedures for road-accident data collection in Iran are
investigated in detail.
The data supplied by Iran Road-Police Central
Statistics Office, is analysed, different rates are computed,
due comparisons with other nations are made, and the results
are discussed. Also such analysis and comparisons are
presented for different provinces of Iran. It is concluded
that each province with its own natural, geographical, social
and economical characteristics possesses its own reasons for
the quality and quantity of road-accidents and therefore
must receive its own appropriate remedial solutions.
The question~ of "what is the cost of road-accidents"
, "why and how evaluate the cost", "what is the appropriate
way of approach to such evaluation" are all discussed and
then "the cost of road-accidents in Iran" based on two
different approaches: "Gross National Output"and"court award"
is computed. It is concluded that this cost is about 1.5 per
cent of the country's national product.
In Appendix 3 an impressive example is given of the
trend of costs and benefits that can be attributed to
investment in road-safety measures.