An analysis of public sector urban low income housing in Zimbabwe : An appropriate housing policy
Zimbabwe faces the large and challenging task of providing
adequate housing for her rapidly expanding population. This
study aims to analyse and identify urban low income housing
policy failures and to provide a foundation for an effective
and viable policy based on local experience.
The housing and planning standards applied to solve the low
income housing problem are questionable. The symptoms of the
housing problem have surfaced as inaffordable housing,
growing housing deficits inter alia, and the increasing
inability to meet the needs of the urban poor. Consequently
it is imperative that solutions are found and applied.
The study begins by tracing the historical background of the
urban low income housing problem before proceeding to
examining the traditional built environment. The latter is
described in the hope that relevant lessons may be copied
from the traditional response to housing provision.
Methods and problems of compiling housing need/housing
shortage figures are also analysed with respect to their
suitability for application in Zimbabwe.
The present housing policies are subsequently analysed with a
view to identifying policy failures and the relevance of
solutions based on indigenous local experience. In that
respect, the housing and planning standards currently used in
low income housing policy as well as the existing institutions for low income housing finance are examined.
In the final chapter, a summary and conclusions, followed by
the section on proposals are laid out. Several broad aspects
of housing policy are advanced before actual suggestions in
an alternative urban development strategy are put forward.
The Bertaud Model is employed in the analysis and derivation
of suggested house, plot and layout designs. The Plan
Evaluation Matrix assists in effecting a systematic choice
between generated options.
In addition, the final chapter also touches on the relevance
of rural development in finding a solution to the urban low
income housing problem.