Waste paper recycling : A community technology approach.
This research project aims to explore the hypothesis that a Community
Technology approach can be considered appropriate for reclamation and
recycling activities, and to investigate the opportunities for
reclaiming and recycling domestic wastes viably at a 'community' scale.
A framework is first established to define a Community Technology
approach, and then used to assess the compatibility of reclamation
and recycling technologies to this approach. 'Community '-scale
reclamation and recycling in Britain, together with some examples from
the USA, is examined and the 'state of the art' for both areas of
activity described. 'Community'-scale is interpreted as relating to
groups of people of less than 10,000, defined as neighbourhoods (of
between 100 and 1,000 people) and communities (of 1,000 to 10,000 people).
Initial analysis identified only three recycling processes with
potential as 'community'-scale activities; all concerned with waste
paper recycling. One of these, a neighbourhood-scale technology, was
chosen for a detailed feasibility study. The process involves recycling
waste paper into sheets of drawing or printing paper suitable for use
as 'art' paper, in particular as speciality printing paper, or as
sugar paper in schools. The feasibility study was carried out using
design and evaluation methods, to evaluate the technical and economic
feasibility of the process and to investigate what role it might play
in the community, in particular in relation to promoting greater
community self-reliance. The results show that this technology would
not be financially or economically viable as an independent enterprise
but indicated additional non-quantified social benefits and hence a
possible non-economic role in the community. Some possibilities of
educational and job creation roles are explored.