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Title: Continuous codeposition of chromium-nickel and chromium-nickel-iron alloys from aqueous amide electrolytes
Author: El-Sharif, M. R.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3443 5764
Awarding Body: Paisley College of Technology
Current Institution: University of the West of Scotland
Date of Award: 1987
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There are numerous reports of attempts to deposit thick coatings of chromium-nickel and chromium-nickel-iron and although high quality deposits have been obtained these have been limited to very thin coatings only. The purpose of the present work was to identify and understand the controlling factors preventing continuous deposition and the build-up of thick coatings, and to develop a suitable process for such thick coatings. An amide electrolyte system was chosen asworking model for its relative simplicity and the high quality chromium-nickel deposits obtained from this system. This bath was investigated initially using conventional operating techniques (Constant Current) to establish its general characteristics. High quality deposits were obtained for thin coatings only. The need for a major change of operating philosophy was identified as essential. A number of published hypotheses explaining the failure of continuous deposition were experimentally tested and shown not to apply. Electrolytically generated chromium (II) has been identified to be an important controlling factor on the quality and composition of chromium-nickel alloys codeposited from amide electrolytes. The control of the low transient chromium (II) level, necessary for the maintenance of high quality codeposition with constant composition, can be achieved as follows. A controlled potential is required, in combination with circulation and agitation of the electrolyte and the generation of the chlorine gas as the preferred anodic product. The combination of the three techniques is necessary for the control of chromium (II) and if any of the three techniques are not employed sustained deposition fails. Chromium (II) has further been identified to catalyse an electrochemical ageing of the bath. Reproducible high quality true metallic deposits of constant composition of chromium-nickel and chromium-nickel-iron can be obtained to a thickness of several hundred microns. These have shown to display a laminar structure on etching and possible causes have been considered. Mossbauer spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction have shown that chromium-nickel-iron deposits contain a significant quantity of micro-crystalline austenite phase ~, fcc) with a dominant ferrite (e<, bcc) phase.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Chromium alloys codeposition Chemistry, Physical and theoretical Metallurgy