Anglo-Dutch trade flows 1955-75 : their effects on, and consequences for, Dutch port development and planning
In the last few decades Dutch port planning has increasingly become dominated by the spectacular growth of the main port in the Dutch national seaport range, Rotterdam. The success of this port has resulted in it becoming a model for seaport development not only in the Netherlands, but also world-wide. There have even been recent suggestions by port planners in the Netherlands that development of other seaports in the national range should cease, as all future trade could be adequately accommodated by the main port. Anglo-Dutch trade flows passing through the Dutch seaports over the twenty years during which the main growth in total trade took place are examined in depth, with particular emphasis on their effects on Dutch seaport development. To retain proper perspective, and at the same time provide a comprehensive outline, this is continually set against total trade flows passing through Dutch seaports over the same period. The position at the start of this period is outlined in the first chapter. Movements in total trade are examined in detail over the twenty year period in the next Chapter. Chapter three deals with the changes in Anglo-Dutch trade during this time, while the following two chapters deal mainly with the relationship between the movements in trade and Dutch port development over the-period. Finally current Dutch port planning is examined in the light of the movements in trade flows. The main conclusions reached are that the smaller Dutch ports are of crucial and increasing importance to Anglo-Dutch trade, yet planners appear to be unaware of this. Should the development of the smaller ports cease, it would have disastrous effects on Anglo-Dutch trade. Comprehensive studies of trade flows with individual forelands can provide important indicators for seaport planning.