Linguistic variation in Khartoum Arabic : A sociolinguistic study
This thesis 1S a data-oriented sociolinguistic study of linguistic
variation 1n the spoken variety of the Arabic-speaking speech community
of Khartoum (capital of the Sudan). It sets out to investigate some
salient phonological and morphological variables and their correlation
with some social parameters. The reciprocal influences of the Classical
and the Colloquial Arabic varieties are measured quantitatively in the
data elicited through structured interviews from specific social groups
whose members were randomly selected. Relation of norms of appropriateness'
to actual linguistic behaviour is also investigated.
Chapter One provides a brief account on the general characteristics
of the linguistic situation in the country, a short review of the
previous dialectological studies, the range and social evaluation of the
major varieties of Arabic and a discussion of the theoretical problems
involved in the distinction of context-specific varieties in Arabic.
Chapter Two gives a brief survey of the major approaches to the study of
linguistic variation and describes the theoretical framework of the study.
Chapter Three discusses the methodological questions pertaining to data
collection in the relevant area and describes the method followed in the
study. Chapter Four presents the phonological variables and discusses
their variants. Chapter Five deals with results and analysis of each
phonological variable for each social group. Explanations are attempted
as to the different patterning of variables in the linguistic behaviour
of the different social groups. A small unquantified data on the 'feminine
variety' is presented with reference to the lexical and supra-segmental
features. Chapter Six discusses two grammatical features: the future
tense marker and the demonstrative. Results and analysis of the study are presented with discussion. Chapter Seven provides a summary of the
major types of variation in Sudanese Arabic with discussion of the main
findings of the study and some of their methological and theoretical
implications. These are then followed by appendices presenting
questionnaires relevant to the study.