Modelling of heating and air-conditioning system
The shortage of natural resources calls for energy conservation and the changing structure of modern science and technology makes possible the efficient dynamic energy modelling. This thesis presents a general review of existing techniques in the field of building and plant system energy modelling and concentrates on the establishment of a generalised modelling tool - the control volume conservation state space approach - to cope with the developing modern technology. The theoretical basis of this approach is discussed and verified in detail and applications demonstrated to the modelling of HVAC systems and equipment. Using this approach, any component of an HVAC system can be modelled at different levels and the qualities of the model are fully supported by the theoretical background of this approach. A computer programme for heating system simulation has been developed for the purpose of model validation and the validation efforts have been involved in the international cooperated programme of IEA Annex 10 exercises. As a part of group research, the work presented in this thesis has been involved in the development of advanced energy modelling techniques and methodology which has taken place at the ABACUS unit.