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Title: Culture and underdevelopment in Brazil with particular reference to Mario de Andrade and Paulo Freire.
Author: Schelling, V. von.
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1984
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The overall objective of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between culture and social structure in an 'underdeveloped' country in the course of 'modernisation', 'industrialisation', 'capitalist development'. More specifically, the thesis attempts to show how a particular development project beginning in the 1920's/30's with the industrialisation of Brazil, is linked to a process of emanCipation from economic, political and cultural dependence a project in turn reflected in the work of two major Brazilian intellectuals, whose work I argue, constitutes an attempt to create a theory of cultural emanCipation for Brazil. As such, the thesis is also a discussion of what I regard as a new discourse on Culture, emerging in Latin America and its critique of the separation of culture and society and of the 'Civilising rationality' of 'Western culture'. Mario de Andrade was a modernist writer, critic, pedagogue, ethnographer and head of the Government Department of Culture in Sao Paulo in the 1930's. As one of the most controversial intellectuals of the period 1920-45, he explored and theorised the central issues around which the discussion on Culture and Society in Brazil was to revolve: . 1. the problem of national identity and dependence. 2. the relationship between the intellectuals and 'the people'. 3. the relationship between high and popular culture. 4. the relationship between tradition and modernity. Related themes are taken up by the pedagogue Paulo Freire, working 1n the Northeast of Brazil in the 1950's - 1960's, (at a different yet related conjuncture to the 1930's) with the Movement for Popular Culture and later with the State in the development of an adult literacy campaign at national level: 1. the theory of education and culture as a 'practice of liberation'. 2. the relationship between language, consciousness and power developed in the adult literacy method. 3. the function of a 'critical consciousness' in the process of development. 4. the redefinition of culture and development. Theoretically the thesis is grounded in a conception of development and underdevelopment as partial interdependent phenomena of a global world system, and it draws on the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School and Gramsci's concept of the intellectual, hegemony and the 'national-popular'.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sociology Sociology Human services Economics