Community postnatal care provision in Scotland : the development and evaluation of a template for the provision of woman centred community postnatal care
The specific objectives of the study were to: 1. Investigate women's perceptions and experiences of postnatal care; 2. Examine the current pattern of postnatal care provision in terms of clinical outcomes (maternal and neonatal) and maternal satisfaction; 3. Evaluate the new model in terms of clinical outcomes (maternal and neonatal) and maternal satisfaction; 4. Compare the outcomes of both models; and 5. Evaluate midwives' perceptions of both models of care. There were no difference between the two Phases in terms of clinical outcomes (maternal and neonatal) midwifery and maternal satisfaction. In both stages of the study, the average day of postnatal discharge was day three, the mean number of postnatal visits was 4.2, and the average number of midwives to visit a woman was two. Women were very satisfied with the community postnatal care provided by midwives, although concerns were expressed about hospital postnatal care. All women agreed that community postnatal care was an important service and would choose to have the midwife visit her in their own home rather than attend health or drop in centres. Midwives applied aspects of the new template of postnatal visiting and were more likely to visit low risk women three times following introduction of the ne template. There was not change in community of carer. Findings of focus group discussions highlighted that women were not prepared for motherhood and the postnatal period. Women stated that the educational support antenatally and in the postnatal ward did not meet their expectations and needs.