Socio-economic impacts of transportation and planning design for Saudi Arabian cities : case study, the central core area of the Algassim Region
The purpose of this study was to consider the socio-economic impacts of the development of modern transportation in Saudi Arabian urban areas, and thereby to derive guidelines for future planning to minimise damaging impacts. In order to achieve the purpose, a series of studies were undertaken. A theoretical background was constructed from international sources relevant to the socio-economic impacts of transportation. The growth of transportation in Saudi Arabia in general and in particular in the Central Core Area of Algassim Region (The Study Area) was then examined, followed by an explanation of the management of transportation. A survey questionnaire, interviews with government officials and with community leaders, and a traffic count survey, were conducted to obtain information and attitudes regarding the socio-economic impacts of transportation in the study area. From the analysis of the surveys, an evaluation of the strategies was then made and alternative ways of developing a balanced transportation strategy for the study area were considered. A land use transportation plan was produced to demonstrate the relationship between the preferred transportation strategy and the land use activities, and based on the research principles, a land use/transportation concept was formulated. In the light of the conclusions made for the study area, a planning design for Saudi Arabian cities was then recommended as part of more sensitive appreciation of the socio-economic impact of modern transportation developments. Finally, the thesis briefly emphasises the importance of planning co-ordination and of sensitive guidelines for Saudi planners. It also recommended further studies to be carried out.