A gravitational theory of quantum mechanics
An explanation for quantum mechanics is given in terms of a classical theory (general relativity) for the first time. Specifically, it is shown that certain structures in classical general relativity can give rise to the non-classical logic normally associated with quantum mechanics. An artificial classical model of quantum logic is constructed to show how the Hilbert space structure of quantum mechanics is a natural way to describe a measurement-dependent stochastic process. A 4-geon model of an elementary particle is proposed which is asymptotically flat, particle-like and has a non-trivial causal structure. The usual Cauchy data are no longer sufficient to determine a unique evolution; the measurement apparatus itself can impose further non-redundant boundary conditions. When measurements of an object provide additional non-redundant boundary conditions, the associated propositions would fail to satisfy the distributive law of classical physics. Using the 4-geon model, an orthomodular lattice of propositions, characteristic of quantum mechanics, is formally constructed within the framework of classical general relativity. The model described provides a classical gravitational basis for quantum mechanics, obviating the need for quantum gravity. The equations of quantum mechanics are unmodified, but quantum behaviour is not universal; classical particles and waves could exist and there is no graviton.