Cultural issues as an approach to forming and managing the future neighbourhoods : case study : the central region of Saudi Arabia
The purpose of this study was to formulate a guideline for developing and managing the future neighbourhoods in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia based on the cultural norms of its residents. The initial cause for this study is the conflict between the imported new planning system and the restricted culture and behaviour of the people involved. In order to achieve the main objective of this thesis, a series of studies was undertaken. The theoretical background relating to the main issues of this study are reviewed and the notion of these issues defined according to the Saudi Arabian's belief and way of life which is essential to understanding. The thesis discussed, analysed, and evaluated three types of neighbourhoods planning systems which occurred in the study area. These were the traditional, the contemporary, and the new trends planning system. These studies where primarily formulated in light of the literature review and the analysis made from the information obtained via questionnaires, interviews, observation, and public and community consultations (carried out by the researcher in the summer 1988 and summer 1989). From the analysis, the thesis concludes that the future planning of the neighbourhoods should be formulated according to a man-surrounding relationship and his needs. In order to clarify this, the thesis defined a set of recommendations for forming and managing the future neighbourhoods. These include considering the socio-cultural and the individual requirements of the residents, making the plan open-ended, and establishing a local community authority to control the implementation and the growth of the neighbourhoods. Finally, the thesis briefly explains how to implement some of the recommended guidelines which need to be clarified through using a specific case study. It recommends also some further studies in order to reinforce and generalise the findings of the thesis.