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Title: Bayesian spatial models for SONAR image interpretation
Author: Calder, Brian
Awarding Body: Heriot-Watt University
Current Institution: Heriot-Watt University
Date of Award: 1997
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This thesis is concerned with the utilisation of spatial information in processing of high-frequency sidescan SONAR imagery, and particularly in how such information can be used in developing techniques to assist in mapping functions. Survey applications aim to generate maps of the seabed, but are time consuming and expensive; automatic processing is required to improve efficiency. Current techniques have had some success, but utilise little of the available spatial information. Previously, inclusion of such knowledge was prohibitively expensive; recent improvements in numerical simulations techniques has reduced the costs involved. This thesis attempts to exploit these improvements into a method for including spatial information in SONAR processing and in general to image and signal analysis. Bayesian techniques for inclusion of prior knowledge and structuring complex problems are developed and applied to problems of texture segmentation, object detection and parameter extraction. It is shown through experiments on groundtruth and real datasets that the inclusion of spatial context can be very effective in improving poor techniques or, conversely in allowing simpler techniques to be used with the same objective outcome (with obvious computational advantages). The thesis also considers some of the implementation problems with the techniques used, and develops simple modifications to improve common algorithms.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Random processes; Markov chain Pattern recognition systems Pattern perception Image processing