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Title: Growth and slowdown : profitability, capital and output in Britain 1873-1973.
Author: Fraenkel, Jonathan.
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1997
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The thesis looks at trends in British economic growth, capital accumulation and profitability from 1873 to 1973. It divides into three parts. The first considers the historical origins of modem growth theory, and provides a critique of Neoclassical 'marginal productivity' categories. The second investigates the concepts underlying national accounting estimation of 'output', 'capital' and 'profit', and offers an alternative estimate of long-run capital outlay/GDP ratios, and the rate of return, for the British economy after 1873. The third part breaks the period down into three consecutive phases; 1873-1914, the interwar years and the post-1945 period up to 1973. It looks first at the controversy surrounding the 'Great Depression, 1873- 96', and the view that a 'climacteric' is better located in the Edwardian era, arguing that trends in profits and prices, not output and employment, marked out the former period as depressed. The chapter on the interwar years highlights the deceleration in capital outlay dating from the Edwardian era, and views the 1930s recovery as predicated upon a restoration of profitability, rather than a 'Keynesian' expansion of aggregate demand. In the penultimate chapter, the GDP acceleration witnessed during the 1950s and 1960s is linked, neither to Keynesian 'multiplier' effects of increased state expenditure nor to a spontaneous working out of market-driven technological influences. Instead, the trans-World War Two rise in the rate of return provided the catalyst for high GDP growth in the early 1950s, while key institutional transformations enabled continuity of the 'Golden Age' during the 1960s, despite diminishing rates of return to capital.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: GDP measurement