The press of the Weimar Republic and its representation in German literature.
This study explores the inter-rclationship of the German press and literature during
the Weimar Republic 1918-1933. The small amount of published research in this field
concentrates on the work of journalists and takes little account of publishers,
financial backers, advertisers, typesetters and readers. Consequently the economic,
political, technological and social context of the works has not been fully
investigated. Included in this study are works which have been hitherto neglected.
Part One covers aspects of press history which shed light on the literary texts.
Chapter I describes the legal, organisational, political and economic background,
Chapter 2 gives an account of the large publishing concerns, Chapter 3 explains some
technical aspects of newspaper production and Chapter 4 considers the role of the
joumalist, the nature of journalism and the influence of journalism on literature.
Part Two examines press-related works of literature which are set in the
German Reich between 1918 and 1933. The body of this section is formed by: Frank
Thiep, Der Leftaffige (1924), Hans Fallada, Bauern, Bonzen und Bomben (1931),
Erik Reger, Union der festen Iland (193 1) and Gabriele Tergit, Kfisebier crobert den
Kurhdrstendamm (1931). Textual references to thirty-seven other works are made at
appropriate points. The literary works are examined in the light of (a) the historical
background outlined in Part One (b) the author's journalistic experience (c)
contemporary newspapers and journals, including the author's journalistic writings
and (c) other literary works from the period. The fictional press is compared with that
of reality and the imaginative contribution of authors is evaluated.
The findings relate to: autobiographical elements, Berlin and regional
newspapers,f actory newspapers, the Generalanzeigerpresseth, e party press, the
status, education and working conditions of journalists, newspaper technology, the
influence of American reporting, sensationalism, advertising, publishers, readers and
the role of the press in political life.