An integrated framework for environmental management and protection in Zambia
This study identifies the major environmental issues and problems affecting Zambia and examines the current state and practice of environmental protection and management. A review of the existing legislation relating to environmental protection in Zambia is made. The relationship between the development process and the environment is explored, in particular giving an overview of the evolution of paradigms in environmental management and development. An outline of the environmental trends in sub- Saharan Africa and the environmental policy in the United Kingdom and how it relates to the framework of EC environmental policy is made. With such a background key issues have been identified to be addressed when considering environmental policy in Zambia. The mining, agricultural and tourism industries form the sectoral case studies of this study. These sectors have been selected on the basis of their dominance in Zambia's development strategy and their impact on the environment. The immense scale of the mining industry warrants its consideration; agriculture has now been given priority as the sector with the highest potential in the overall economy and; in diversifying the economy, tourism development is emerging as one of the most important sectors. The study recognises that the absence of definite crosssectoral guidelines for environmental resources management and a general paucity of information on the environment have been major constraints for the development of environmental protection strategies in Zambia. This has been due to insufficient institutional support for sustained research and monitoring of the environment. Therefore, the study mak?s general sectoral recommendations for addressing the environmental problems identified in the study.