Environmental impacts of airports : a study of airport development and its impact on the social, environmental and economic well-being of the community
In the last thirty years, air traffic has increased rapidly causing the need to build more and larger airports. As the aviation industry continues to expand, the need for larger and more efficient aircraft with bigger payloads over greater distances becomes inevitable. The use of larger aircraft coupled with the growing demand for air travel requires the building of more and larger airports. One of the most important factors to consider when building a new airport is the impacts it may have on the environment. This thesis attempts to investigate the most important environmental impacts that may rise from the building of a new airport, it also discusses both the positive and the negative aspects of such impacts. It also discusses the ways and means of reducing and minimisin the adverse environmental impacts. It does iQI, however, concentrate specifically on a particular airport and the contents apply to airports "in general". A " general assessment" of such environmental impacts will also be made in the final Chapter. It should, however, be noted that, although the main aim of this thesis is to investigate the environmental impacts of airports, a considerable amount of' the material in this thesis relates to "aircraft" since some of the most important environmental impacts of airports are directly caused by aircraft, for example, the problem of aircraft noise.