The effects of the Norman Conquest on North West England : with particular reference to the Honors of Hornby and Burton-in-Lonsdale.
The medieval historical geography of the North-West
requires a multi-disciplinary approach, and this work, which
concentrates on the Honor of Hornby (Lancashire) and the Honor of
Burton-in-Lonsdale (Yorkshire) uses both recorded and new
archaeological material, together with the analysis of place-name,
documentary and landscape evidence to evaluate the effects of the
Norman Conquest on the area.
The first section examines the physical evidence for
initial control, and includes both evidence for new motte sites
and a reappraisal of the significance of the disposition of this
class of monument in the North West. The Domesday record for both
1066 and 1086 is examined, together with a detailed study of both
landscape and place-names which strongly suggest that boundaries
of estates such as the Honor of Burton-in-Lonsdale, newly created
in the 12th-century, were firmly based on territorial units which
existed several centuries earlier.
The extent of lands designated 'Forest' within the two
Honors is established and their exploitation is discussed. The
precise location and extent of monastic estates obtained by the
geographical identification of boundaries detailed in charters has
enabled new ideas to be promulgated regarding monastic
exploitation of the uplands, suggesting continuity of already
established land-use rather than colonisation of virgin territory.
Financial rewards obtained from borough and other
franchises are identified, with lordly monopolies resulting from
the importation of continental technological ideas also examined.
The hitherto unrecognised evidence surviving in the landscape for
medieval woollen and linen textile industries is discussed and
criteria for the identification of medieval flax-retting systems
from place-name and/or archaeological evidence are set out.
The Norman lords of Hornby and Burton-in-Lonsdale
obviously acquired status symbols seen by them as appropriate to
their ,rank. They did not, however, seek to transform the area,
with estates, customs and agricultural practice established in the
pre-Conquest period surviving in recognisable form for centuries