Mixing in multiphase jet flow : experimental comparison with a computational model
A series of experiments has been conducted for comparison with the results of a computer code called CHYMES. It is intended to calculate the coarse mixing of molten metal with water by solving the equations of the Separated Flow Model. These are derived by volume averaging and the terms that relate them to the particular case of participate flow are discussed. An experimental apparatus that is compatible with CHYMES and coarse mixing has been constructed which projects a jet of ball bearings into a thin tank of water. Experiments over a wide range of conditions were conducted at room temperature. Owing to practical difficulties only one, poorly controlled experiment with hot ball bearings was performed. Under nearly all sets of conditions an arrow-shaped plume was obtained. The speed of penetration of the plume varied little with changes in experimental conditions. The width of the plume was most strongly influenced by the widths of the tank and the jet. The individual paths of some particles were followed; it appeared that their motion was mostly dependent on their position in the plume. A model of the plume is proposed, based upon its front being impermeable to water in the vertical direction. Much of the detail of the experimental plumes was not present in the computational results and they responded differently to changes in conditions. It is proposed that this is a result of the different forms of the two sets of plumes. To rectify this an experimental plume was volume averaged. A method to determine a suitable averaging volume size is described. The process results in a plume similar to the computational ones. The length scales required for volume averaging to be successful are discussed and the possibility that this method is inappropriate for describing coarse mixing is admitted.