The transformation of the urban housing market in Britain c. 1885-1939.
This thesis examines tile development of the urban housing. market in
Britain during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
During this period it was transformed from an essentially laissezfaire
market based on private landlordism to one in which state
housing and owner-occupation came to dominate the provision of new
accommodation . The thesis looks in some detail at the form this
transformation took and examines how and why it occurred .
The pre-1914 structure of housing provision - which was based on
private landlordism - was a small scale, localized system involving
numerous actors within a fragmented social division of labour. This
dominant structure of provision underwent a severe crisis during
the Edwardian years - before the introduction of rent controls and
state housing . The 1914-18 war saw a transformation in social
relations within the housing market that ensured both the collapse
of private landlordism and the intervention of the state in housing
provisions After the war, two
' new structures of provision emerged
involving a rationalized social division of labour and a larger
scale of operations, based. on state housing and owner-occupation.
ýLt the same time , the second-hand housing market was transformed:
from 1915 much of the pre-war stock of dwellings was subject to
rent and mortgage interest controls, while many landlords began
to sell their dwellings to owner-occupiers.
While many of these developments were a reflection of changes
within the wider economy and society) the transformation was both
accelerated and in part shaped by the effects of the 1914-18 war