Military government, commitment to development and manifest achievements : An analysis of operational issues related to Somalia's development strategy.
This thesis'examines the role of the Somali Military in national
development with broader implications on linkages between militarism
and national development. The case of Somalia's Military Government
is seen in (1) the wider perspective of important underlying social
dynamism. We examine the role of the Military as organised force,
political programme and ideology of its leaders, its consequences in
determining the balance of power between'groups and the complexion of
the Government. (2) We assess their influence on public management,
resource allocation and utilization with implications for the way
national planning is conceived and carried out. (3) We identify and
elaborate issues that lie behind the increasingly evident failure of
Somalia's Socialist policies to achieve the intended rapid development.
We argue that attempts to evolve institutions peculiar to Somali
setting was futile. Scientific Socialism remained alien and unacceptable.
It did not involve an indigenous solution to developing the
capacity to guide change and authenticity in assimilating relevant
development patterns. It is viewed as crea.ting some additional,
self-imposed economic constraints in an already unfavourable economic
environment, compounding existing situation of inadequacy and merely
blocking off a range of possible policies.
The broad spectrum of widening Government activities required '
enlarged public management and a more sophisticated and efficient
approach to planning, control and general development operations.
However, the Military Government's first priority went to politica.!
consolidation - a drive on ideological homogeneity, economic reward to
friends and punishment of political foes,etc.
Thus caught between the milestones of political expediency and
economic rationality, essential strategy towards the establishment of
an equilibrium between social forces and economic realities was never
evolved. The dilemma in which the }lilitary Government now finds
itself is explained in the context of the growing gap between the nation's
progress as perceived by Military rhetoric on one hand and real
development on the other. Translation of policies into action thus
tended to lag and the results achieved are disproportionate to time,
effort and resources used. Close examination of the current situation
shows worrying signs of political ambiguity, increasing economic
difficulties and ideological confusion. Finally there is little
planning now and no planning for the future. The Military is muddling
through for the moment while the problems ahead 100m large.