Synoptic predictions of the vindication and resurrection of Jesus : their provenance, meaning and correlation
The thesis is divided into three parts. Part I contains a detailed discussion of the provenance and the meaning of implicit and explicit vindication predictions. We conclude that Jesus does indeed speak of a vindication from abandonment, judgement and rejection in terms of the metaphors of baptism and the cup (Mk 10:38f par, Lk 12:50, Mk 14:36 parr), the eschatological correlative as the sign of Jonah (Lk 11:29bf) and the reinstatement of the (corner) stone (Mk 12:10; Ps 118:22). The eschatological prospect (Mk 14:25) confirms these findings and serves as the primary thematic link between the vindication and the resurrection predictions. In Part II we discuss primarily the provenance and the meaning of the three major predictions of the passion and resurrection of Jesus (Mk 8:31 parr, 9:31 parr, 10:32ff parr). Methodologically, it proves to be crucial to consider both indirect and direct evidence, before a convincing judgment regarding the provenance of the 'expressis verbis vaticinia' may be pronounced. The authenticity of the 'expressis verbis vaticinia' in principle, becomes a probability in a synthetic analysis of vindication and resurrection predictions (Part III). We submit that vindication and resurrection predictions are both part of a complex cluster of vindication/resurrection predictions which is characterized by a plurality of literary genres, literary forms, contexts, sources, terms and allusions to background motifs (eschatological prophet martyr, Ebed Yahweh and esp. paeeio iusti) as well an a dynamic unanimity and impressive coherence of content. The deeply significant vindication from divine abandonment (baptism and cup metaphors) constitutes the heart of the outward consequences in terms of the resurrection from death. This cluster of vindication/resurrection predictions commends itself as an integral, profoundly significant key to both the self-understanding of Jesus and the integration of his message and mission, particularly regarding Jesus' assurance of the coming and culmination of the Kingdom of God despite his abandonment, rejection and death (Mk 14:25).