Noise generated at the tyre/road interface
The work described in this thesis is directed towards the reduction of tyre/road interface noise and embodies a study of the factors involved in its generation. These factors comprise: (a) materials and construction of tyres and road surfaces (b) the spectral distribution of the noise. The importance of this work has become greater with reduction in engine noise. A review of the literature shows what has been achieved so far, and stresses the importance of maintaining other desirable tyre properties such as adhesion in wet conditions. The work has involved an analysis of mechanical factors in tyre construction and the behaviour of road surfaces. Measurements on noise have been carried out under practical conditions and also on replica surfaces in the laboratory, and in addition tests of wet road adhesion have been carried out with a variety of road surfaces. Consideration has been given to the psychological effects of the spectral distribution of noise. A major part of the work under-taken has been the development of a computer program, the results of which have made it possible to design a tyre tread block pattern to give an optimum spectral distribution. Sample tyres built to this design have been subjected to noise measurements and these have been shown to agree closely with the theoretical prediction and other properties of this tyre have proved to be satisfactory.