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Title: Changing socio-economic relations in the Kandyan countryside.
Author: Gunasinghe, N.
ISNI:       0000 0000 8400 6354
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1980
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This work is a study of transition from feudalism to capitalism in the Kandyan countryside of Sri Lanka. It conceives of socio-economic relations as constituting a total social ensemble and focuses attention on structural change in this ensemble with an emphasis on production and exchange relations and caste and class relations. Chapter I, which lays down the problematique, takes as its point of departure Marx's discussion of the impact of British colonialism in India and posits questions pertaining to the possibilities of metropolitan type capitalist development in the colonial and post-colonial social formations. Chapter II attempts to reconstruct the pre- capitalist social formation in the region and argues that its articulation could be conceived in terms of the dominance of a specific type of feudalism. Chapter-III is an attempt to trace the structural history of the social formation in the region as a whole, with due emphasis upon three dimensions: production, consumption and surplus flows; class relations and politics. After a brief glimpse at the village scene, Chapter IV discusses in detail the changing agrarian relations in .D elumgoda, which is supplemented by Cha~ter V whose focus of attention is devoted to'a detailed discussion of caste and class relations in Delumgoda and an evaluation of the interaction between these two distinct modes of stratification. Chapter VI and VII follow the same theme in relation to Yakadagama. After a.prief look at the village scene, a detailed study of the changes in the agrarian and craft organisation is provided. A detailed study of caste and class relations in Yakadagama and its hamlets follows. The conclusion argues that, though the structure of the feudal mode of production has definitely been dismantled as far back as the mid-nineteenth century, this has not led to the disappearance of all the archaic relations associated with this mode in Delumgoda and Yakadagama up to this day. The concept of survivals which takes such relations to be 'left-overs' from a previous mode is rejected ~nd the continuing presence of the archaic relations in the Kandyan countryside is explained in terms of a concept of reactivation which maintains that these relations are reproduced by the intervention of the structural levels of the capitalist mode of production itself, which finds it necessary to do so in the context of peripheral capitalist formations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Anthropology Anthropology Folklore