Proclamation from prophecy and pattern : Lucan Old Testament Christology
Our thesis begins surveying the recent history of Luke's use of the Old Testament in recent critical study. It seeks to define the issues that still need treatment within Lucan redactional studies and the Lucan use of the Old Testament. We limited ourselves to the Lucan use of the Old Testament for Christology. We surveyed in literary order the Old Testament citations and allusions which are used for Christology. This material was considered in individual chapters examining the relevant/texts in Luke 1--2, Luke 3--24, Acts 2--5, and Acts 7--13. At that point, Luke's Old Testament Christology stopped. Our suggested contributions are the following: (1) The Christological presentation of Luke consciously takes the reader from seeing Jesus as the regal Messiah-Servant to seeing him as Lord of all. (2) The conceptual form of the arguments from Old Testament for Christology are just as possible from Hebrew or Aramaic texts as they are from the LXX. In making this point we distinguished between the textual form of a passage and its conceptual form. (3) Luke's Old Testament Christology involves a hermeneutical method grounded in the history and culture of his time. It is best described as "proclamation from prophecy and pattern," rather than "proof from prophecy" (Schubert) or through a denial of any presence of a promise-fulfillment motif altogether (Rese). The Old Testament text and Jesus event are in active interaction with one another. Luke's method may well reflect the influence of Jesus himself. (4) We have challenged the fundamental study in this area by M. Rese. (5) We have suggested that Luke's Old Testament Christological portrayal of Jesus was designed to calm any doubts that may have existed within the church about Jesus' position within the plan of God or his offering of God's salvation to all men, especially in the direct offer of salvation to the Gentiles. Jesus is Lord of all, therefore the message can go to all men directly. This point is established by Acts 10. It is for this reason that Old Testament Christology stops in Acts 13 and the focus shifts to the presentation of Gentile mission by the church, especially through Paul.