Impulse breakdown of a point-plane gap in SF6 and SF6/N2 mixtures.
A dual photomultiplier system and a field probe has been used to
study the optoelectrical phenomena is commercially pure SF6 and mixtures
of SF6 with oxygen free N2, underAimpulse voltages in a point plane gap.
The luminous extension of the predischarge, the electric field at the cathode,
and where possible the velocity of discharge propagation has been measured.
An extrapolation technique has been used to estimate the critical pressure,
and the results have been compared with those of other recently published
work. An attempt has been made to establish the different regimes of operation
with regard to leader formation both prior to and after streamers cross the
gap. This has been done with particular emphasis on the d/r ratio and
the field variation with increment in voltage. The cloud model has been
shown to be inoperative under impulse voltage conditions such as in this thesis.
Comparisons have been made of critical pressure determined under d. c.
conditions with any available results obtained using impulse voltages. An
attempt has been made to explain the large discrepancy particularly in SF6
between the calculated and experimentally determined values of Vi
corona initiation voltage. The internal electric field and the electrostatic
the, discharge channel has been estimated. The analysis of the
experimental results has been carried out for the stem and leader stages
of the discharge development using an electrostatic model, prior to the
streamers crossing the, gap and reaching the cathode, By comparing the
results with those of other authors, it has been shown that : the results of the
leader internal electric field are in reasonable agreement with the work of others