Educational crisis and social reproduction : The political economy of schooling in Morocco.
This case-study of Morocco investigates the reciprocal relationship
between schooling and society. for the purpose of understanding the role
played by the educational institutions within the context of the
liberal development strategy followed.
The efforts of the Moroccan leadership to develop rapidly a
modern, Western-like, school system reflect the belief in a framework
labelled Extended Human Capital Theory (EHCT) and identified as the
combination of four theoretical trends: Human Capital, StructuralFunctionalism,
Neo-Evolutionism, and the Liberal Theory of the State.
According to EHCT, the state must invest in human resources in the form
of modern schooling because education raises productivity, enables
modernisation, and contributes to income equalisation.
To test the relevance and impact of EHCT, this work relies on field
surveys on the characteristics of the student population, the determinants
of academic success, and recruitment and remuneration practices. in the
The first part of the study explores the genesis and the main features
of the contemporary educational system. After presenting the apparent
symptoms of the so-called educational crisis, it investigates thoroughly
the patterns of provision, access and utilisation of the scholastic
institutions and examines how students are processed during their
The second part focuses upon the connections between the educational
sector and the economic and social structure. After analysing the
political economy of development in Morocco, it details the mechanisms
governing job access and earnings determination in relation to school
Finally, the findings of the research are summed up to demonstrate
the degree of inadequacy of EHCT and to propose an alternative explanation
of the role of the school, stressing its contribution to the reproduction
of an unequal economic and social order.