Structure and function in primary open angle glaucoma
The study utilised a Normal group, an Ocular Hypertensive (OHT) group and a Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) group to investigate two aspects. Firstly, the within- and between-visit variability for stereometric measurements of the optic nerve head (ONH) using the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT); retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness using the HRT and using optical coherence tomography with the Optical Coherence Tomography Scanner (OCT); the visual field using white-on-white (W-W), short-wavelength (SWAP) and Frequency Doubling perimetry (FDT); and retinal haemodynamics using the Heidelberg Retinal Flowmeter (HRF). Secondly, the association demonstrated between some of the derived variables. The within- and between-visit variability for stereometric measurements of the entire ONH and the between-visit variability for sectoral measurements were similar for Normals and OHTs but greater for POAGs. The within-visit variability of the visual field pointwise parameters for SWAP were greater than for W-W and FDT particularly with increase in eccentricity and for the OHT group. The between-visit variability increased with increase in defect depth for the POAG group, across all types of perimetry. The MS was greater, the MD and PSD smaller and the examination duration shorter in FDT compared to W-W and SWAP across all groups. The within-visit variability was less than the between-visit variability for the OCT circumferential and sector RNFL thickness using the 1.5R, 2.0R and the fixed 1.73mm circular scan radii, across the three groups. The variability increased with decrease in the RNFL thickness, and was least for the 2.0R scan radius.