The Codex Colombino-Becker
This study is an interpretation of the historical events recorded in the Codex Colombino-Becker. Beginning with the earliest known appearances of the parts of this document, its owners are traced and a survey made of scholarly thought concerning its text. The physical dimensions and internal structure of the manuscript are described, and these form the basis for re-grouping the present seven fragments into three larger sections. All the scenes of the codex are described and discussed in detail. The events are found to be occurring within a broader context that is not expressed in the pictorial content of the manuscript, but which must be understood in order for the individual scenes to become meaningful. The discovery and analysis of this larger context has enabled much of the material in the codex to be integrated into a more coherent history in this study than has been possible heretofore. The text of the Colombino-Becker is basically an account of the major political events in 8 Deer's rise to prominence in the Mixteca, showing only his public and official activities that directly relate to his obtaining power. Ultimately he succeeded in gaining control of a wide area and founded a nascent empire, but his murder by 4 Wind before he could establish an hereditary empire caused his political achievements to be destroyed.