Study of the fatigue behaviour of some Fe-based metallic glass wires
Fe78_C.,r xSiioBj2 and Fe77S. xCr-,S i7S. Bjs (with x values ranging from 0 to 8) glassy metallic alloys have been produced in the form of both wires and ribbons using the rotating water bath melt spinning process and chill block melt spinning process, respectively. It was found that the Fe77.5C.,r,, ,S ii. 5B15s eries had better amorphousw ire forming ability than the Fe7g_XCrXSiloBs1e2ri es. However, in ribbon form, both series showed good castability as amorphous alloys. Selected mechanical properties of the glassy samples have been compared with those of high tensile steel wire. Both thermal and mechanical properties were found to be composition-dependent, especially on the Cr content, with the Fe77.X5.C rrSi7.5B1s5e ries wires being thermally more stable and strongert han their Fe7gX. CrrSiloB12c ounterparts. A new bend type fatigue testing machine that uses two pulleys (DP) has been developed to perform tests on the basis of tension-compression loading cycles. The results have been compared with those obtained by using an existing single pulley (SP) machine that performs only tensile-tensile loading cycles. Although the DP machine can impose compressive to tensile bend stresses at different constant mean stress, it was observed that, for low stress ranges and large constant mean stresses the machine performed equivalent bend tests to those using the SP machine. The fatigue performance of amorphous wires was improved on substituting Fe by Cr and on decreasing the constant mean stress. The high tensile (HT) steel wire apparently had better fatigue performance than amorphous wires in terms of stress range; however, when the results were expressed in terms of strain range, the fatigue performance of amorphous wires was slightly better than HT steel wires, as had been demonstrated in previous studies. It was observed that, when the DP machine performed compressive to tensile bending stress cycles, the fracture surfaces differed from those observed in the SP machine. Under tensile to tensile conditions, the fracture surfaces observed for samples tested in the DP machine were similar to those tested in the SP machine. Fracture mechanics analysis of the results suggests that embrittlement is occurring ahead of growing fatigue cracks in these amorphous wires.