Interaction and integration between music and other performing arts in education : a study of the process of fusion
The process of fusion is explored conceptually and empirically. A critical appraisal of the literature about integration highlights considerable variability of interpretation and practice. Integration, it is argued, should involve interaction between the various media concerned. The structural and expressive qualities of each of the performing arts are elucidated Spatial and, what is termed the common to each. within the 'vitalising', Temporal, dimensions The interaction of these dimensions and the expressive structuring of components are considered as major linking factors between the arts. In formulating a synthesis, similarities between the artistic rhythm, texture, and pattern ) are the frequently used elements substituted (for example by proposals for an alternative terminology which, arguably, embodies the intrinsic unifying essence between the arts. Three composite works involving music are appraised. Literature examining the process of fusion is reviewed, and a diagram, using an analogy between optical and artistic fusion, included to illustrate fusion between music and poetry in song. Two hypotheses are postulated: 1) Fused arts, (which may, or may not, involve different sensory modalities), intensify expressive character sometimes in ways beyond those which are possible in single art forms. 2) This fusion generates more powerful and sustained responses by increasing impact, clarifying meaning, and maintaining attention for the viewer/listener i.e. 'auditor' . One instance of fusion (music and action in six motion picture extracts) was groups were asked three conditions, investigated. Three matched to rate responses to four factors using semantic differential subject under scales. statistical analysis of the data hypotheses in most instances. substantiated the two The implications of the thesis for teaching and learning are considered. An interactive model for inter-arts education is offered for consideration, and suggestions made as to ways the thesis might stimulate further research.