Does God suffer? : divine passibility in Anglican theology from Lux mundi to the Second War : with particular reference to the thought of William Temple and John Kenneth Mozely
There was a remarkably rich and fertile period in British theology from the latter end of the nineteenth century to the outbreak of the Second World War. Some of the greatest growth with the most far-reaching implications for theology took place in the doctrine of God; particularly in the area of divine passibility. The objectives of the study are four-fold; 1) to concisely establish the origin and historical development of divine impassability and its impact upon classical theism, and to identify the chief linguistic and theological concerns of the doctrine, 2) to extensively document the confluence of religious, philosophical, and cultural factors within the life-setting of Anglicanism and British society which created the conditions for a dynamic reformation in the Anglican doctrine of God, 3) to demonstrate the outcome of this metanoia in the effectual dismantling of divine impassability in favour of a sustained and irrevocable advancement or enrichment in the Anglican idea of God, and 4) to establish as theological conversation partners William Temple and John Kenneth Mozley as representative Anglican theologians from our period of study. Two primary methods are employed in the study; 1) the critical analysis of the idea of the suffering of God within Anglicanism as viewed through the lens of the strengths and weaknesses of Temple's and Mozley's respective contributions to the impassability debates within English theology, 2) the chief vehicle for the pursuit of this analysis is a full exploration and application of the "six necessary questions" for inquiry into impassability posed by John Kenneth Mozley. These six questions form the framework for the theological conversation between Temple and Mozley undertaken in this thesis.