Self-management and participatory schemes in co-operatives : a comparative study of self-management in industrial co-operatives in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana.
This research study investigates the extent t!,, which participatory
schemes determine member participation and control in industrial cooperatives
Recent studies on co-operative organizations in developing countries
have indicated that the problems of self-management in co-operatives
are due to low member participation in decision making and control over
the affairs of co-operatives. These studies, coming from mainly
sociological and anthropological studies, have further suggested that
the low member participation and control in co-operatives are due to the
problems. in the implementation of the principles and ideals of co-operatives in developing countries. The studies have further argued
that the, principles and ideals of co-operatives are difficult to implement
because the are incompatible with the traditional social structures and
norms in developing countries.
A central argument of this study is that the problems of member
participation and control in co-operatives should not be attributed solely
to the influences of environmental factors in developing societies. The
study points out that the degree of member participation and control in a co-operative will also be related to - properties of the participatory
schemes in the co-operatives. That is, the structures and processes
along which participation takes place.
The findings of the research study indicate that fundamental
determinants of member participation and control are the structural
attributes of participatory schemes in the co-operatives. The findings of
the study also suggest that the participatory schemes in the cooperatives
are influenced by the organizational conditions in the cooperatives.
On the,. basis these findings, the research has contributed to our
knowledge of the organization and the functioning of co-operatives in
developing countries. Furthermore, the research has demonstrated the
possibilities of the extension of modern organization theory to the study
self-help and related self-managed enterprises in developing countries.